Evaluation of susceptibility to injuries resulting from falls of children with visual impairment

Dariusz Boguszewski, Martyna Zabłocka, Jakub Grzegorz Adamczyk, Katarzyna Boguszewska

Abstract


The main purpose of the study was the analysis of safe falling skills visually impaired children. An attempt has been made to examine the relationship between ability of safe falls and occurrence injuries from the effect of falls. 103 children (10-16 years old) were in research and control groups. In the research group (Group I) was 39 visually impaired pupils, in control group (Group II) 64 sighted in a proper manner. Test of Susceptibility to Injury During the Falls (TSIDF) by Kalina and interview directed to determine the number and frequency of falls and their consequences were used as a research tools. There were 578 falls and 176 injuries resulting from them (7.33 falls per person in Group I and 4.96 in Group II; 2.51 injuries per person in Group I and 1.18 in Group II). Visually impaired people made more mistakes in test (TSIDF) than their non-disabled peers (p=0.007). This may prove that a high susceptibility to injury of the children from the research group (p=0.001). However visual impairment people had more injuries after the falls. Study confirmed positive effect of physical activity on the level of safe falls skills. The ability to fall down in a safe way in children suffering from visual impairment is more improperly developed when compared it to healthy children. Physical activity and especially exercises of safe falls skills can be important element of prevention of falls.

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