ASSESSING SELF-ESTEEM AND PERCEIVED PHYSICAL COMPETENCE IN ELDERLY USING THE PHYSICAL SELF-PERCEPTION PROFILE

José P. Ferreira, Ana M. Teixeira, Alain G. Massart, Edith Filaire

Abstract


The paper examined the psychometric properties of the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP) when used with elderly groups and described gender differences in physical self and global self-esteem. A sample of 207 elderly participants (age 65-93 years, M=76.54 and SD=6.56) completed the PSPP and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale as a self-reported measure of physical self and global self-esteem during different social and cultural activities in senior daily care centres. Reliability, factor structure, hierarchical structure and criterion-related validity were assessed. Findings revealed limited gender differences for the total sample, with males expressing more positive feelings than females for physical strength (p<.05), however when analysed by age group, statistical differences were found for physical confidence (p<.05), body (p<.05) and physical self-worth (p<.05) with females reporting more positive values than males. Factor analysis results showed limited goodness-of-fit indexes for the model revealing structural problems for the use of PSPP with elderly groups. Elderly participants may perceive themselves in the physical domain using different feelings than those extensively assessed with the PSPP in younger groups highlighting the hypothetical change in self-perceptions over the lifespan.

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