Determinants of physical activity and lifestyle of Czech 11–15 years old students with visual impairments

Daniel Mikeška, Ondřej Ješina, Martin Kudláček, Zbyněk Janečka, Michal Kalman

Abstract


This pilot study of lifestyle of 11–15 years old students with visual impairment is the spin-off project from longitudinalHBSC study (The Health Behavior in School Aged Children) entitled disHBSC. The aim of the study wasto analyze the determinants of physical activity and lifestyle of 11- to 15-year-old students with visual impairment,who are actively engaged in sports. The pilot study is based on original HBSC survey, which was adapted to meetspecific needs of children with visual impairments. DisHBSC survey contained 48 questions divided to the followingareas: demographical information, nutritional habits, physical activity and leisure, health, abuse of drugs,self-esteem, violence, school, family and peers. We have found surprising results regarding the amount of weeklyphysical activity, where only 9% of students met WHO minimal suggestions for physical activity. More than 50%of students identified school-based physical education as the main area of physical activities. We found alarmingexamples in school-based bullying. 11.7% of boys and 21% of girls experienced bullying 2–3 times in the pastmonths. The main motive for engagement in a physical activity was to improve health. The most preferred activityis swimming, adapted aquatics and ball games. Our respondents spend significant time in sedentary activities andscreen time, less in from of TV but more with PC, tablets or smartphones.

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